Analysis of Hydrocarbon

Published: 2021-06-29 04:38:34
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ANALYSIS OF HYDROCARBON


ABSTRACT
Determination of Hydrocarbon was done using 3 different reactions or method, NITRATION TEST, BROMINE TEST, and BASIC OXIDATION, on the unknowns given to each student. Through the Nitration Test, the unknown determined whether it is an Aromatic or Aliphatic Hydrocarbon. Adding Bromine Reagent to the Aliphatic unknown determined whether it is Saturated or Unsaturated Aliphatic Hdrocarbon. While adding KMnO4 and 10% NaOH to the Aromatic unknown determined whether it is a Substituted or Unsubstituted Aromatic Hydrocarbon. The experiment done determined three (3) Unsubstituted Aliphatic Hydrocarbons and two (2) Substitued Aromatic Hydrocarbons.

INTRODUCTION
Hydrocarbons in organic chemistry are compounds made up or consisted of exclusively of hydrogen and carbon. Majority of hydrocarbons are found to be naturally occurring in crude oil, where decomposed organic matter provides an abundance of carbon and hydrogen which, when bonded, can catenate to form seemingly limitless chains. Hydrocarbons from which one hydrogen atom has been removed are functional groups, called hydrocarbyls. Aromatic hydrocarbons, alkanes, alkenes, cycloalkanes and alkyne-based compounds are different types of hydrocarbons.

There are four (4) classifications of hydrocarbons that were defined by IUPAC nomenclature of organic chemistry, namely, Saturated Hydrocarbons, Unsaturated Hydrocarbons, Cycloalkanes and Aromatic Hydrocarbons.

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